In the whole wide world, there are only seven sea turtle species, four of them frequent Costa Rica and nest here throughout the year. Out of these four, all of them are on the highly critical endangered species list. They are olive ridley, leatherback, green turtle and hawksbill turtle.
The Costa Rican government and many private organizations are working hard to recover the sea turtle populations, but there are still many reasons why they haven’t been able to do enough positive impact.
4 Reasons for declining populations of turtles:
- The destruction of their habitat. Most turtles can not come back to a beach that is now used by humans due to bright lights.
- Out of all Pacific Leatherback turtles 65% of them get hooked by log lines of commercial fisheries resulting in 20% death rate.
- Hunting and egg poaching is coming to a slow halt. Although, it’s hard to break tradition and the turtle egg is hot on the black market which is believed to raise a man’s libido.
4 Sea Turtle Species in Costa Rica
These are the famous turtles known for their amazing numbers. They come to the shores of Santa Rosa National Park and Ostional National Wildlife Refuge by the hundreds of thousands from July to November. In an effort to save the animals, it is legal to harvest a limited amount of their eggs, which are for sale at local markets.
2. Leatherback Turtle
This is the most endangered sea turtle in the world. They have been around for over 65 million years, yet in the past 20 years their numbers have declined from 1100 a season to 70 a season. You can see this magical creature lay her eggs with a professional tour at the Playa Grande National Marine Park from December to March. Plus, they come to the shores of Tortuguero National Park, but it’s harder to see them nesting there.
3. Green Turtle
This turtle represents the rare success story thanks to a very devoted organization – Caribbean Conservation Corporation (CCC). The scientist that started to come to Tortuguero National Park’s shores to study these creatures since 1970’s realized how quickly they were declining and how important of a coastline Tortuguero was. From the 70’s to the 80’s their numbers fell from 15,000 to 3,000. All the while, CCC fought to make this a national park, which it did in 1978. Since then the numbers have reached astounding numbers of 20,000 per season for breeding and nesting from the months of June to September.
4. Hawksbill Turtle
Their main nesting site for these turtles is the Marino Ballena National Park. The nesting time goes from May to November. You will find an occasional appearance of hawksbill turtles in Tortuguero. There are only around 23,000 of these turtles left worldwide.
If you travel to Costa Rica for any of their nesting seasons, I highly highly recommend you join a professional tour to see this natural wonder in person! But make sure that the money from your entrance fee goes to conservation efforts.
Then, I want you to tell me all about it 🙂
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