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How Coffee Is Grown Around the World

Coffee is a great drink that has a tonic and uplifting effect. But how much do we know about the way grains are grown? Is coffee a plant or a shrub? And where does the most delicious coffee grow? Let’s find the answers to all these questions together. Now you will find out how coffee is grown around the world.Do you like to drink coffee?Probably yes. But do you know how coffee is grown around the world? Here you will learn interesting facts about it

How Coffee Is Grown

Where Do Coffee Beans Grow Around the World?

Currently, more than 50 countries grow coffee on plantations. For example, Colombian farmers grow the best coffee beans for cold brew. Brazil and Mexico are also mastodons of the plantation industry. Vietnam and Indonesia also produce Arabica and Robusta. In general, grains are grown in countries where the climate is most suitable for this.

You may know that Ethiopia is considered the birthplace of coffee. At the moment, this country is not even in the top 10 coffee producers. The fact is that local production volumes are designed exclusively for the internal needs of the population and not for export. However, you should try the local hot drink if you decide to come to this country as a tourist.

What Are the Ideal Growing Conditions for Coffee?

The best conditions for coffee to grow are a temperate climate and sufficient rainfall to moisturize the soil. Grains grow especially actively in places with a large amount of volcanic ash. It is a natural fertilizer.

One of the most popular places for growing coffee trees is on the hillsides or flat areas at an altitude of 3000 feet above sea level. The fact is that it is a thermophilic plant. The mountain slopes are capable of providing growing grains with a temperature of 15-25 degrees Celsius.

How Much Rainfall Does Coffee Need to Grow?

The right microclimate is very important for the growth of coffee beans. It is best if this type of plant is planted in an area where 3.3-4.9 ft of precipitation falls every year. These are very specific requirements, so many countries only grow coffee in certain regions or try to grow hybrids.

But then the taste of the drink will be worse, and you will not be able to enjoy the taste of your favorite drink. Even the best budget coffee makers buying guide won’t help you because there are no kitchen gadgets that can improve bad beans’ taste. That is why it is important to buy coffee only from those regions where the climate is warm and rainy.

How Does Elevation Affect the Way Coffee Grows?

The height range of coffee growth depends on the type of terrain. Typically these plants are grown up to 6,000 feet. If the coffee grows low, then the taste of the drink will be sweeter and lighter. 

The higher the bush grows, the more notes and aromas the hot drink will contain in your cup. For example, at 5,000 feet, coffee grows with hints of flowers and a citrus mix. The planters deliberately select the required height and 90 popular varieties to create the perfect taste for consumers.

How Does Sunlight Affect How Coffee Beans Grow?

Sunlight is an essential component of the growth of fruits and grains. But the sun shouldn’t shine on the bush all day. That is why most coffee plantations are located on the mountains’ slopes so that the rays fall on the leaves and fruits only part of the day. 

It affects color, taste, and aroma. Some farmers even plant tall trees to create an additional natural barrier to sunlight. This allows the fields to be illuminated precisely in the morning and in the evening.

How is Coffee Harvested?

Typically, coffee is harvested by hand. The farm workers only pick red fruits. The full harvest method is sometimes used. Then all the fruits are plucked and sorted. This speeds up the process. Unripe fruits are laid out in direct sunlight. The same method is used to separate the pulp from the coffee beans. Another purification technology involves the use of powerful water pressure. Then the grains are quickly removed from the fruit.

It takes up to two months to dry coffee in direct sunlight. This method is typical for traditional farms with low financing. The modern drying process involves the use of an oven. The beans are roasted at 140 degrees Fahrenheit. This avoids the entry of harmful particles and speeds up coffee production.

Conclusion

Now you know more about where coffee grows and how to choose the plantation’s right place and height. It should be understood that Colombia, Brazil, and Mexico are the three main pillars on which the world grain export is based. Countries like Turkey and Spain are only known for roasting coffee and adding toppings. Now you know what work has been done by people from many countries so that you can enjoy a cup of coffee in the morning.

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