Europe is known to be the richest and most prominent continent in regard to cultural and historical heritage. Thousands of significant monuments and patrimony sites explain many occurrences in our world history. So, a trip to Europe is always a good choice. Especially if we are talking about the central part of it. So, let’s look through our list of the best cultural heritage sites of Hungary, Austria, and other countries in mighty Central Europe.
The Buda Castle District, Budapest
At number one, we have the most alluring part of Hungary’s capital city. The District was chosen as a Cultural Heritage Site for its 19th-century Neo-Gothic Matthias Church and the Neo-Romanesque Fisherman’s Bastion, one of the most stunning examples of Hungarian eclecticism.
Finally, we have the main piece – the Buda Castle, once home to Hungarian royalty and now easily the most popular tourist attraction in the city. It also houses the National Gallery and the Budapest History Museum. So by visiting, you get to have an insight into the country’s history and most prominent Cultural Heritage Site all at once!
Historic Centre of Vienna, Vienna
After you are done exploring Hungary, we suggest you take the Budapest to Vienna train and carry on with your journey to grand Europe.
With its remarkable layout and scenic landscapes, the Historic Center of Vienna earned the title of a Cultural Heritage Site for its ability to show the city’s transition from Celtic and Roman styles to Medieval and Baroque architecture.
Castles, gardens, and venues demonstrating both Austria and European history are what make it an impossible-to-miss sight. These include Schottenkloster, the oldest monastery in Austria, as well as four churches from the 13th century. You should also most definitely tour St. Stephen’s Cathedral of the 14th century. All of it together perfectly represents the three most important periods and styles in Austria – Middle Ages, Baroque, and Grunderzeit.
The Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape, Prague
If you wish to travel quickly and comfortably, we suggest taking the Vienna or Salzburg to Prague train and carrying on after an easy trip.
The Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape in the capital city of the Czech Republic stands as the biggest artificial landscape in Europe. This beautiful masterpiece of two enormous chateaus and their surroundings paints a perfectly mixed picture of Cultural Sites and nature combined.
The exceptional architecture of Lednice and Valtice displays features of Baroque, Neoclassicism, Gothic Revival, and even Neo-Moorish styles. Next to it, we have the unique flora and fauna, which makes for stunning scenery.
It is truly grand how both palaces of Lednice and Valitce come together perfectly with the rural views of the South Moravia region. While they certainly dominate the village and general area, you can still feel the authentic feel of the countryside.
Neuschwanstein Castle, Bavaria
If you have ever wondered about the origins of the worldwide-famous Disney Castle, think no more! The Neuschwanstein Castle in Bavaria, Germany, was a direct inspiration for the fictional fortress, and no surprise here. This German beauty looks both magical and regal, which makes it clear why it is one of the most prominent Cultural Heritage Sites in the country.
It was built in the late 18th century by King Ludwig, who, unfortunately, never lived long enough to see the castle completed.
The design of the exceptional castle incorporates Gothic, Romanesque, and Byzantine styles, which makes for a delicious sight on your trip!
Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum, Auschwitz
Arguably the most shocking and depressing Cultural Heritage Site, the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum is a place every traveler and, frankly, every person in the world should visit.
The site includes the main concentration camp in Auschwitz and what is left of it. The main idea and purpose of the museum are to commemorate the horrors of the 1939-1945 camp developed and run by German Nazis to exterminate the Jews during the Second World War and the Holocaust.
Here you will get to know details of the life and death of over 1 million Jews who perished here, and while most of what you will hear and see will be truly horrifying, it is extremely important to know more about one of the darkest periods in time.
The museum was founded in 1946, only a year after its termination, and most of the ideas came from the former prisoners of the camp. From 1955 to 1990, the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum was run by a former inmate Kazimierz Smolen.
Wooden Churches in the Carpathian Mountains, Slovakia
The Slovakians decided to build several wooden churches all across their part of the Carpathian Mountains, and their decision proved to be more impactful and meaningful than someone could’ve thought.
The religious establishments include two Roman Catholic, three Protestant, and three Greek Orthodox churches, all built between the 16th and the 18th centuries. The churches represent precise characteristics of Latin and Byzantine cultures, also showing the development of architectural and artistic trends.
These works by the Slovaks are strong proof of how they managed to completely adapt to specific geographical locations and cultural contexts overall. In addition, the inside of the churches is all decorated with culturally significant items, such as paintings and other pieces of art that speaks to the location the building is set in. So, if you manage to visit one of these churches, remember to truly appreciate what it took for them to create these masterpieces!
Europe, you are amazing! That will certainly be your last thought at the end of the perfect Eurotrip. Enjoy the sights and sites, learn of their significance, and you will leave an expert. Have a good time and good luck on your way to knowledge!