Interesting Facts about Casa Batllo
- The building where Casa Batlló stands built between 1875 and 1877 by Emilio Salas Cortés, who was one of Gaudí‘s teachers. It was a sober and classical building with a basement, a ground floor, four upper floors and a garden behind the house.
- 1900 The building was bought by the textile businessman Josep Batlló and his wife.
- 1904 In order to realise this ambitious project, Josep Batlló decided to contact an architect who was an innovator. The one he selected was Antoni Gaudí.
- In November 1904, when Gaudí was 52 years old the planning application was submitted.
- By 1906 Gaudí carried out a full refurbishment of the building using innovative techniques. The result was the building that we are able to enjoy today.
- Josep Batlló died in 1934.
- It was named a National Cultural Asset of Catalonia (BCIN) in 1962.
- And named a Cultural Asset of Spain (BIC) in 1969.
- In 1984 restoration work was carried out on the balcony railings, which were restored to their original colour. During that same year the facade of the building was illuminated.
- It was refurbishment in ground floor, basement and foundations in 1989.
- In 2001 the building was prepared, adapted and equipped for opening its doors to the public.
- It opened to the public in 2002.
- Casa Batlló has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2005.
- In 2006 it got the Award for the Conservation of Architectural Heritage.
About Casa Batllo’s Design
- Gaudí gave Casa Batlló a facade that is original, fantastical and full of imagination.
- He ordered the external walls to be redesigned to give them a wavy shape, which was then plastered with lime mortar and covered with a mosaic of fragments of coloured glass and ceramic discs.
- At the top of the facade, the roof is in the shape of an animal’s back.
- The long gallery of the main suite, the Noble Floor, overlooking Passeig de Gràcia, is composed of wooden-framed windows which are opened and closed by raising and lowering using counterweights.
- On the level of the ground floor, the Noble Floor and the first floor, the facade includes slender pillars of Montjuic stone which form bone-like shapes and are decorated with floral designs.
- The balcony railings in the shape of masks are made of wrought iron cast in a single piece.
- On the Noble Floor, which was the residence of the Batlló family, Gaudí created a new layout with undulating internal walls, and he decorated the various rooms.
- A grand wooden staircase leads up from a hall with vaulted ceilings and skylights shaped like tortoises’ shells. The spine of some huge animal carved from fine hardwood rises up as a banister through impossible spaces, giving the whole space an underwater atmosphere, transporting visitors to the fantasy world of Jules Verne.
- The family dwelling has its own courtyard in the centre of the block.
- Gaudí enlarged the light well and covered the walls entirely in relief glazed tiles in varying shades of blue achieving an even distribution of the light.
- On the flat roof, the prominence of the dragon’s back, which is so important to the overall artistic equilibrium of the facade, gives way to the four groups of graceful chimneys.
- The house has a surface area of more than 5,000 m²
This amazing place should definitely be on your list on what to do in Barcelona.