Costa Rica Wildlife – 4 Endangered Species of Sea Turtles

Endangered Species of Sea Turtles

In the whole wide world, there are only seven sea turtle species, four of them frequent Costa Rica and nest here. Out of these four, all of them are on the highly critical endangered species list. They are olive ridley, leatherback, green turtle and hawksbill turtle.

Here are some reasons for declining populations of turtles:

  1. Destruction of habitat. The turtle can not come back to a beach that is now used by humans due to bright lights.
  2. Out of all Pacific Leatherback turtles 65% of them get hooked by log lines of commercial fisheries resulting in 20% death rate.
  3. Hunting and egg poaching is coming to a slow halt. Although, it’s hard to break tradition and the turtle egg is hot on the black market which is believed to raise a man’s libido.

4 types of Endangered Species of Sea Turtles that come to Costa Rica’s shores

Endangered Species of Sea Turtles - olive ridley

Olive Ridley Turtle – These are the famous turtles known for their amazing numbers. They come to the shores of Santa Rosa National Park and Ostional National Wildlife Refuge by the hundreds of thousands from July to November. In an effort to save the animals, it is legal to harvest a limited amount of their eggs, which are for sale at local markets.

Endangered Species of Sea Turtles - leatherback

Leatherback Turtle– This is the most endangered sea turtle in the world. They have been around for over 65 million years, yet in the past 20 years their numbers have declined from 1100 a season to 70 a season. You can see this magical creature lay her eggs with a professional tour at the Playa Grande National Marine Park from December to March. Plus, they come to the shores of Tortuguero National Park, but it’s harder to see them nesting there.

Endangered Species of Sea Turtles - green sea turtle
Photo Credit – Tim Nicholson
Green Turtle – This turtle represents the rare success story thanks to a very devoted organization – Caribbean Conservation Corporation (CCC). The scientist that started to come to Tortuguero National Park‘s shores to study these creatures since 1970’s realized how quickly they were declining and how important of a coastline Tortuguero was. From the 70’s to the 80’s their numbers fell from 15,000 to 3,000. All the while, CCC fought to make this a national park, which it did in 1978. Since then the numbers have reached astounding numbers of 20,000 per season for breeding and nesting from the months of June to September.

Endangered Species of Sea Turtles - hawksbill turtle

Hawksbill Turtle – Their main nesting site is Marino Ballena National Park from May to November with an occasional appearance in Tortuguero. There are only 23,000 of these turtles left worldwide.

If you are in Costa Rica for any of their nesting seasons, I highly highly recommend you join a professional tour to see this natural wonder in person!

Then, I want you to tell me all about it:)

Translation: My man doesn’t need turtle eggs.

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Costra Rica Travel Guide for Families

About Marina Villatoro

Marina Kuperman Villatoro CEO of, a travel resource site to inspire families to travel with kids of all ages. Marina has been an expat 20+ years in Central America raising 2 boys in a multicultural, trilingual household. She travels all over the world with her family to give first hand experiences of where to eat, stay and play with kids. Needless to say, it’s never boring! Join Marina on Facebook and Twitter for more unique and boutique family travel!

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