The building where Casa Batlló stands built between 1875 and 1877 by Emilio Salas Cortés, who was one of Gaudí‘s teachers. It was a sober and classical building with a basement, a ground floor, four upper floors and a garden behind the house.
1900 The building was bought by the textile businessman Josep Batlló and his wife.
1904 In order to realise this ambitious project, Josep Batlló decided to contact an architect who was an innovator. The one he selected was Antoni Gaudí.
In November 1904, when Gaudí was 52 years old the planning application was submitted.
By 1906 Gaudí carried out a full refurbishment of the building using innovative techniques. The result was the building that we are able to enjoy today.
Josep Batlló died in 1934.
It was named a National Cultural Asset of Catalonia (BCIN) in 1962.
And named a Cultural Asset of Spain (BIC) in 1969.
In 1984 restoration work was carried out on the balcony railings, which were restored to their original colour. During that same year the facade of the building was illuminated.
It was refurbishment in ground floor, basement and foundations in 1989.
In 2001 the building was prepared, adapted and equipped for opening its doors to the public.
It opened to the public in 2002.
Casa Batlló has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2005.
In 2006 it got the Award for the Conservation of Architectural Heritage.
About Casa Batllo’s Design
Gaudí gave Casa Batlló a facade that is original, fantastical and full of imagination.
He ordered the external walls to be redesigned to give them a wavy shape, which was then plastered with lime mortar and covered with a mosaic of fragments of coloured glass and ceramic discs.
At the top of the facade, the roof is in the shape of an animal’s back.
The long gallery of the main suite, the Noble Floor, overlooking Passeig de Gràcia, is composed of wooden-framed windows which are opened and closed by raising and lowering using counterweights.
On the level of the ground floor, the Noble Floor and the first floor, the facade includes slender pillars of Montjuic stone which form bone-like shapes and are decorated with floral designs.
The balcony railings in the shape of masks are made of wrought iron cast in a single piece.
On the Noble Floor, which was the residence of the Batlló family, Gaudí created a new layout with undulating internal walls, and he decorated the various rooms.
A grand wooden staircase leads up from a hall with vaulted ceilings and skylights shaped like tortoises’ shells. The spine of some huge animal carved from fine hardwood rises up as a banister through impossible spaces, giving the whole space an underwater atmosphere, transporting visitors to the fantasy world of Jules Verne.
The family dwelling has its own courtyard in the centre of the block.
Gaudí enlarged the light well and covered the walls entirely in relief glazed tiles in varying shades of blue achieving an even distribution of the light.
On the flat roof, the prominence of the dragon’s back, which is so important to the overall artistic equilibrium of the facade, gives way to the four groups of graceful chimneys.
The house has a surface area of more than 5,000 m²
Marina Kuperman Villatoro CEO of TravelExperta.com, a travel resource site to inspire families to travel with kids of all ages. Marina has been an expat 10+ years in Central America raising 2 boys in a multicultural, trilingual household. She travels all over the world with her family to give first hand experiences of where to eat, stay and play with kids. Needless to say, it’s never boring!
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